Zhob District

Report on the Archival Records of District Zhob

Zhob is a district in the north west of Balochistan province of Pakistan. Zhob district is a Provincially Administered Tribal Area (PATA).it covers an area of 20,297 sq km and the population of Zhob district is estimated to be over 200,000 in 2005. Zhob River is used for irrigation in the Zhob district.The district has an important geo-strategic location. It links Afghanistan, South Waziristan Agency, D.I.Khan district, Killa Saifullah, Loralai, and Musakhel.

Historical Background:

The tribes inhabiting the area are indigenous to the land. Zhob is the cradle of the Afghan race. Qais Abdul Rashid, who is believed to be one of the progenitors of the Pashtoons or Afghans, lived in the Suleiman Mountains near Zhob. He was born in 575 AD and died in 661 AD. Natives call the place where he is buried "Da Kase Ghar" (the mountain of Qais). The Chinese pilgrim Hiven Tsiang who visited India in 629 AD, described the Afghans as living in Zhob. The area was ruled by Nadir Shah from 1736 to 1747 and by Ahmed Shah Abdali from 1747 to 1773. It was part of the Afghan dynasty when the British penetrated it in 1881. A number of areas now in Zhob, Killa Saifullah, and Pishin districts were ceded to British Indian Balochistan after the Durand line in 1893. They soon became a district. Zhob district is the second oldest existing district of Balochistan, after Quetta. It was raised to district level in February 1890, under Captain MacIvor as the first Political Agent.

Arrangement of Archival Records:

The records in D.C office was categorized as English and Urdu sections.

The English section contained the old and Archival files that dates back from 1890 till the partition of Sub continent in 1947. The numbers of total files are 6000, out of which 2000 files are sorted by the employees.

The Urdu section contained almost 810 Bastas and each Basta contained 70-100 files, and almost 70000 files were in total. The record dates back from 1890 to 2000. All the records are in the shape of “Misals”. It is also worthy to note that the record room was burnt two times by the rebellions of that time. The Urdu section was supervised by Sattar Shah and Naib Qasid was his assistant. The local people are getting much benefit from this record in their land disputes. The records are categorized in to five regions.

  • Upper Zhob
  • Lower Zhob
  • Killa Saifullah
  • Hindu Bagh (Muslim Bagh)
  • Qamar Din Karez.

Detailed List of Important Files in the Archival Records of Zhob District